Saturday, December 6, 2014

Gravity Potato

GRACE satellite data
As mass goes, so goes gravity.

The earthward acceleration of gravity varies by about 0.5% over the surface of the Earth because of unevenly distributed mass.

Exaggerated data visualizations depict the dissymmetrical variations in Earth's gravity field.

Time and Location

Gravitational pull varies by location because of unevenly distributed mass in the oceans, continents, and deep interior. Climate-related variables, like continental water balance, and the accumulation or ablation of glaciers, causes the distribution of mass to vary over time.

Measuring G-Force

The local gravitational field is measured using a gravimeter. A gravimeter is an accelerometer that measures the earthward acceleration of gravity or G-force.

Gravity Potato

Variations in Earth's gravity field is shown in an image known as the Potsdam Gravity Potato. The Potsdam Gravity Potato is derived from a gravity field model produced by the German Research Center for Geophysics (GFZ).

Geoid: The Potsdam Gravity Potato

Some 800 million observations support GFZ's gravity field model. Supporting data were obtained from:
  • LAGEOSGRACE , and GOCE satellites;
  • Ground-based gravity measurements; and
  • Satellite altimetry data.

Attraction Mystery

Gravity is a natural phenomenon wherein physical bodies attract each other. Gravity gives weight to physical objects and causes objects to fall when dropped.
Because there is a law such as gravity, the universe can and will create itself from nothing.
Stephen Hawking
Gravity is one of four fundamental forces. Gravitation acts across the universe. Earth's gravitation is part of the human experience mediating nearly everything we do.
Most gravity has no known origin. Is it some exotic particle? Nobody knows.
Neil deGrasse Tyson