Saturday, April 11, 2015

Summer into Winter

Mount Tambora
Two hundred years ago Mount Tambora erupted. The event occurred over a two-day period, April 10-11, in 1815.
It is considered the world's largest ash eruption since the last ice age.
Sulfate aerosols generated from the volcanic gases blocked sunlight turning the approaching summer into winter over much of the Northern Hemisphere.

The Tambora caldera is about 6 km or 3.7 miles wide by 7 km or 4.3 miles long and more than a kilometer or .6 miles in depth.
"Because Tambora ejected sulfurous gas that generated sulfate aerosols in the atmosphere, which block sunlight, the eruption created a ‘year without a summer,’ leading to food shortages — people were eating cats and rats — and very general hardship throughout Europe and eastern North America"
Stephen Self
That summer, mean temperatures dropped by 0.7–1.3 °F (0.4–0.7 °C) around the world causing food shortages across the Northern Hemisphere.

Intense atmospheric haze led to unusually spectacular sunsets like those painted by the Romanticist landscape painter J. M. W. Turner (1775-1851).

J. M. W. Turner Sunsets