“The river is everywhere.”Flowing water often symbolizes the unity and eternity of the universe. Ocean currents are the ocean's great rivers.
― Hermann Hesse, Siddhartha
Ocean currents are continuous conveyances of water that flow in predictable paths for thousands of miles.
Massive volumes of water, deep and shallow, are driven by physical forces like:
- The Earth's rotation;
- Prevailing Winds;
- Water temperature gradients;
- Salinity gradients (i.e., water density differences); and
- The gravitational pull of the moon.
Major Ocean Currents
Ocean currents determine the climate in many parts of the world.
The swift Gulf Stream transports warm water from the tip of Florida northeast across the Atlantic ocean toward northwest Europe making this part of Europe more temperate than any other region at that latitude.
The Gulf Stream carries almost four billion cubic feet of water per second which is a flow rate that exceeds all of the world's rivers combined.
“A river seems a magic thing. A magic, moving, living part of the very earth itself.”
― Laura Gilpin
- Gulf Stream, Wikipedia.
- Gulf Stream Speed, NOAA.
- Ocean Current, Science Daily.
- Ocean Current, Wikipedia.