- Squeezed into wavy layers forming synclines and anticlines (right); or
- Broken up so that the deeper layers (older) of rock pile on top of shallower (newer) layers. A phenomena called a thrust fault; or
- Forced to strike or slip along a plane creating a horizontally detached strike-slip fault.
|Piqiang Fault, a strike-slip fault|
Piqiang Fault is a dramatic example of a strike-slip fault in the Gobi desert. The sedimentary rock layers are offset by about 2 miles. Pressure from colliding tectonic plates, i.e., the northward moving Indian plate and the Eurasian plate, caused Piqiang Fault.
Civilization exists by geological consent, subject to change without notice.
― Will Durant
- Faults in Xinjiang, NASA Earth Observatory. 16 January 2014.
- Your Fault of the Week, The Earth Story.