Lake ice displays many flow patterns and features over the course of a winter season like ice octopi and pressure ridges.
Gods CrossingFreezing and thawing of lakes has been recorded for hundred of years for cultural, religious and practical reasons. Ice records for Lake Suwa dates back more than 550 years.
Pressure ridge on Lake SuwaJapan's Lake Suwa is the site of a phenomena known as Gods Crossing. A hot spring in the lake causes ongoing circulation of warm water. When the lake ices over, the warm circulating water causes extruded pressure ridges. Local legend maintains that the ridges are formed by the gods crossing the lake.
The moment of ice-out is subjective:
- for some, it's when the lake is free of ice;
- for others, it's the moment when navigation across the ice is no longer possible; and
- for others, it's when 90% of the lake is ice free.
"You never really know your friends from your enemies until the ice breaks"
― Inuit Proverb
- Lake Scientist website.
- Historical Trends in Lake and River Ice Cover in the Northern Hemisphere. Magnuson, J.J. et al., Science 8 September 2000.
- Lake Suwa, Wikipedia.
- Lake Ice website.
- 2013 Ice-Out Dates. Minnesota DNR.
- Omi watari: When a god goes across the lake to meet a goddess on a date. Japanese Mythology & Folklore website.